Investment Guide

Osijek-Baranja County

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STRUCTURE OF AGRICULTURAL AREA

Of total agricultural land of Osijek-Baranja County the largest share represent fields and gardens, of which there are 95,1%, then orchards 1,7%, meadows 1,2%, grasslands 1,0% and vineyards 1,0%.


From the insight into the data on the structure of agriculture land from the whole area of Osijek-Baranja County published in the statistical report of Bureau of statistics (County in numbers, December 2008, page 24), it is evident that the total agricultural land of Osijek-Baranja County is 212.013 hectares and consists of:

Fields and gardens                201.705 ha
Orchards                                       3.564 ha
Vineyards                                      2.083 ha
Meadows                                      2.641 ha
Grasslands                                  2.020 ha
.

 
 
 

IRRIGATION

The basic topographic and hydrographical feature of Osijek-Baranja County consists of mountain part and lowland part with the altitude between 350 m.a.s.l. and 85 m.a.s.l.

Present state of land development is characterised by finished reparcelling and adequate canal network with sufficient drainage. Generally speaking, the drainage system is satisfactory.

Osijek-Baranja County has great development potential which can be utilised through planned irrigation. This is put to practice due to extreme rains and droughts. The County has made an irrigation plan together with faculties of architecture in Zagreb and Osijek, as well as the Institute of Agriculture in Osijek.

 

SOIL

In the lowland part of the County automorphic soils are dominant: rendzinas, brown loess and alluvial soils. Depressions contain hydromorph soils: semigley, gley, swamp gley and moss gley soils.

 

Table. Present state of irrigation suitability

soil suitability class
Površina (ha)
P-1 suitable for irrigation
27.948
P-2 moderately suitable for irrigation
135.241
P-3 restrictively suitable for irrigation
90.570
TOTAL SUITABLE SOILS
223.830
N-1 temporarily unsuitable for irrigation
128.466
N-2 permanently unsuitable for irrigation
6.883
TOTAL UNSUITABLE SOILS 
135.349
OTHER AREAS
25.667
TOTAL
414.774

 

WATER BODIES

The County is adequately covered by river courses, which represent a significant resource that should be used for irrigation purposes. Average flow of river Drava in Osijek profile is approximately 550 m3/s, while the average flow of the Danube in Batina profile is around 2.800 m3/s. These numbers represent huge amounts of water so there are no limitations regarding its exploitation. Currently there are two accumulations for irrigation purposes: Borovik (7,900,000 m3) and Jošava (2.400.000 m3). Smaller accumulations used for flood protection are Mlinac (800.000 m3) and Jošava (500.000 m3). The County plans to build a total of 32 accumulations with the joint volume of 95,000,000 m3

 
 
 
 

Table: Available irrigation water balance – present and future state

No.
Resource
Present state (M3/year)
Future state
(M3/year)
1.
Danube and Drava rivers
80.000.000
80.000.000
2.
Hill accumulations
6.000.000
21.800.000
3.
Natural and artificial streams
4.500.000
20.000.000
4.
Underground waters
65.000.000
102.000.000
 
TOTAL
135.500.000
223.800.000

 

Climate data relevant for agricultural production

Perennial average referent evapotranspiration and effective precipitations (mm/month),

1981 - 2000

 

Meteorological station
Months
Zbroj
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
 
Eto
12
20
42
68
99
111
123
108
72
43
18
12
728
Efrective precipitation - average
42
37
44
49
59
88
64
61
40
49
57
42
632

 

 

 


 

 

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